Best And Brightest Asteroid Occultation Ever To Be Visible Across New York State

Below is the official press release by the International Occultation Timing Association (IOTA) on the upcoming occultation of Regulus by asteroid Erigone on March 20th. Please reference CNYO.org for more up to date information, they will have more to announce about efforts to monitor this occultation in the next week or two. Meantime, this is your one-month warning!

Public invited to help measure size and shape of distant asteroid
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Media contact: Ted Blank, tedblank@gmail.com
Alternate contact: Steve Preston, stevepr@acm.org

Just after 2:05 a.m. EDT on March 20, 2014, anyone with clear skies along a 70-mile-wide belt running diagonally from Long Island and New York City up through New York State into Canada may be able to see the bright star Regulus simply disappear from the sky for up to 14 seconds as an invisible asteroid glides silently in front of it.

A chance alignment of orbits is predicted to cause Regulus to “wink out” as the mammoth asteroidErigone passes directly between Earth and the star, temporarily blocking its light from reaching us (the asteroid itself remains in its normal orbit which never comes anywhere near Earth). Regulus (the star which will wink out) is in the constellation Leo the Lion and, as one of the brightest stars in the sky, is easy to find.

An event where an object in space blocks the light from a distant star is called an “occultation,” from the Latin word meaning “to conceal or hide.” The International Occultation Timing Association (IOTA), a group of volunteers, collects observations on about 200 asteroid occultations per year. However, this is the first time that such a dramatic and obvious occultation will be visible in such a heavily populated area without the need for any kind of optical aid like a telescope or binoculars.

What makes this asteroid event more notable is that the public is invited to assist scientists in recording the event to measure the size and shape of the asteroid. Just by using a video camcorder, a digital SLR camera with video capability, or just a smartphone or a stopwatch, anyone can contribute to the scientific study of the asteroid in question. “In addition to the opportunity to share in a moment of celestial drama, we hope to enlist thousands of ‘citizen-scientists’ to time this event, allowing us to document it more thoroughly than any other asteroid occultation in history” said Steve Preston, President of IOTA. “The more observers scattered across the path of the shadow who time the disappearance and reappearance of the star, the more accurately we can measure the asteroid’s size and shape.”

IOTA has created a “Frequently Asked Questions” page at www.occultations.org/Regulus2014. Here, detailed information may be found on the recommended techniques that the public may use to record and time the event, as well as how to submit their observations for analysis after the event.

Although the asteroid will remain a safe 100 million miles from Earth, as it passes in front of the star its 70-mile-wide shadow will sweep from southeast to northwest across Nassau and Suffolk counties, all five boroughs of New York City and the Hudson River Valley, with the center of the predicted shadow path following a line roughly connecting New York City, White Plains, Newburgh, Oneonta, Rome and Pulaski before crossing into Canada. See Illustration 1 for the current prediction of where the shadow will pass.

 

2014feb20_erigone_path

Ill. 1. Estimated path of the shadow of the asteroid Erigone during the occultation of Regulus on March 20, 2014. The green line represents the predicted center line of the ~50 mile wide asteroid shadow. The blue lines represent the width of the asteroid, where edges of the shadow would fall if the actual center of the shadow followed the green line. The red lines represent the uncertainty in the path, meaning that the actual shadow will most likely pass somewhere between the red lines. There is a smaller chance that one edge could be slightly outside one or the other of the red lines.

At the time of the occultation, Regulus will be about 40 degrees high in the southwest, or about half-way up from the horizon to a point straight overhead. Illustration 2 below is a “sky-map” showing the star’s location in the sky along with some convenient reference points to help get oriented.

 

2014feb20_erigone_location
 

Ill. 2. Finder chart for March 20, 2014, looking southwest. The red dot at the top represents the point directly overhead. Regulus will be approximately half-way up in the sky, at the bottom of the reversed “question mark” that makes up the “mane” of Leo the Lion. Saturn, the Moon, Mars and Jupiter are shown on this map in the positions they will occupy on this date, as are the twin stars of Gemini (Castor and Pollux) just above Jupiter.

To choose an observing location, members of the public can refer to Illustration 1 and select any place between the outer lines. Since the path the shadow will follow may change slightly, observers should check the online zoomable map at tinyurl.com/regulus2014map in the days before the event for any last-minute adjustments to the path prediction. Additionally, people situated as far as 10 path-widths on either side of the center line are encouraged to make an observation in case Erigone has a moon which might momentarily block the star’s light. Video recordings will be needed to confirm the fleeting disappearance that a tiny moon of Erigone might cause.

After the event, the public may report their timing observations attinyurl.com/regulus2014report, including reports of a “miss,” or no occultation. “Both actual timings and ‘miss’ observations are extremely valuable,” said Preston. “Timings of the disappearance measure the asteroid’s diameter in the dimension along its orbital path, but ‘miss’ observations improve our understanding of how wide it is across its path. Furthermore, both types of reports improve our understanding of the asteroid’s orbit.”

Typically only a few observers see these types of events, allowing the diameter of the asteroid to be measured at just a few places. However, with a large number of observers, the opportunity exists to categorize the asteroid’s entire silhouette, as seen for asteroid (234) Barbara in Illustration 3 below.

 

2014feb20_erigone_barbara
 

Ill. 3. Outline of asteroid (234) Barbara obtained by multiple observers timing an occultation in 2009. The observers were spread out across an area over 40 miles wide. The horizontal white gaps in the solid lines represent the period of time when the asteroid blocked the light from the star for that observer. The gaps between the lines themselves represent the distance between observers on the ground. Each observer saw the star pass behind a slightly different portion of the asteroid, allowing the asteroid’s diameter to be measured at multiple locations. Note the large crater at the south end of the asteroid. This level of resolution is far greater than anything possible with ground-based telescopes, but more observers would have allowed even finer details to be measured.

Members of the public with additional questions should refer to the FAQ page atwww.occultations.org/Regulus2014, email regulus2014@occultations.org or see the article in the March, 2014 issue of Sky and Telescope Magazine.

About IOTA

The International Occultation Timing Association, with its worldwide sister organizations in Europe, the United Kingdom, Australia/New Zealand, Japan, S. Asia/India, Mexico, Latin America and South Africa, provides free occultation predictions and planning and analysis software, sponsors online Internet discussion groups and publishes the Journal of Occultation Astronomy. The main IOTA webpage is www.occultations.org. The Yahoo discussion group can be found athttp://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/IOTAoccultations/info and is open to all with an interest in this topic.

A PDF copy of an article from the March, 2014 issue of Sky and Telescope Magazine on the occultation is linked HERE. Permission to include this article has been granted by Sky and Telescope.

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The Pizza Hut Universe – By Barlow Bob

2011 - Northeast Astronomy Forum & Telescope Show (NEAF). April 16 & 17, 2011The following article has been provided by Barlow Bob, founder & organizer of the NEAF Solar Star Party and regional event host & lecturer.   You can read more about Barlow Bob and see some of his other articles at www.neafsolar.com/barlowbob.html.

The Pizza Hut Universe - By Barlow Bob

You may have noticed that you see more stars in the night sky, during Summer and Winter. However, you see fewer stars in Spring and Fall. Why does this occur?

Think of our Milky Way galaxy as a giant pepperoni pizza.

In the night sky, of Summer and Winter, you are looking across our galaxy, in the direction of the next arm, of our galaxy, containing many stars. In the night sky, of Spring and Fall, you are looking through the top or bottom of our galaxy, containing fewer stars.

Laminate a picture of a pepperoni pizza, back to back, with a picture of galaxy M33. This galaxy looks like a pinwheel. Place these laminated pictures in a pizza box. Laminate a picture of a pizza store, back to back, with this story of The Pizza Hut Universe.

The pepperoni represents our solar system..
The pizza represents our galaxy.
The pizza box represents our local galaxy group.
The pizza store represents the universe.

©2000 Barlow Bob

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2013 Kopernik AstroFest

The 2013 Kopernik AstroFest has passed, and what a great event that was held.  We appreciate all of the support from amateur astronomers and public who attended, the KAS and Kopernik volunteers who made it happen, the great speakers who presented, and to the vendors who donated raffle prizes and other support.

While the weather wouldn’t help us out this year with respect to night time observing, the event provided attendees the opportunity for great collaboration, amazing speakers presented on a wide range of topics, and The Kopernik AstroFest Solar Star Party allowed for a few hours of solar observing.

Check out our Photo Gallery of the Kopernik AstroFest 2013 Event

Kopernik AstroFest 2013 Gallery

 

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AstroFest 2013 Press Write-Up

This article was originally published in the Press & Sun Bulletin

Kopernik to Host
ASTROFEST 2013 This Weekend

Kopernik’s AstroFest is a celebration of the night sky and amateur astronomy. In its 31st year, the three day event, running from Friday, October 4th to Sunday, October 6th, is held annually at the Kopernik Observatory & Science Center (KOSC) in Vestal, NY. Both KOSC and the Kopernik Astronomical Society (KAS) sponsor the event.

kop_teleAstroFest includes internationally recognized speakers on a variety of topics, exhibits, demonstrations, an amateur astronomy roundtable discussion, the Kopernik AstroFest Solar Star Party, children’s activities and workshops, and nightly observing session if skies are clear. AstroFest 2013 will also feature its popular raffle with prizes that include two high quality telescopes, two pairs of binoculars, a variety of astronomy gear, gift cards and an assortment of other raffle prizes and baskets.

One of the talks will be a discussion of Comet ISON which should be visible in November 2013 as it passes near the Sun.  This comet may undergo brightening that may make it an early morning, naked eye site to see.  It has the possibility of being a comet of a lifetime.

Astronomy Magazine’s columnist and astronomy book author, Bob Berman will discuss how colors and light in the universe can reveal information about these objects in the universe including what they are made of and where they came from.  Also, there will be an SKYPE interview with Dr. Carolyn Porco, who is best known as the leader of the imaging science team on the Cassini mission presently in orbit around Saturn. She also participated in planning the iconic 1990 “Portrait of the Planets” taken with the Voyager 1 spacecraft, which included the famous Pale Blue Dot image of Earth.  Dr. Porco is a fascinating science personality and an intriguing speaker.

As part of Kopernik AstroFest, our annual Star Party will be held in the main yard on clear sky evenings.  Anyone with a telescope is encouraged to set it up for observing, and then they can share their views of deep sky objects with other enthusiasts including public participants.  Observing will be held throughout the night into the early morning hours weather permitting.

In addition to nighttime viewing, on Saturday, Kopernik’s telescopes will be focused on the closest star to us, the Sun.   Joining in Kopernik’s solar observing will be the “Godfather of Solar Astronomy” Barlow Bob.  He will bring a selection of his vast array of solar telescopes for observing the Sun.  Come see the Sun in ways you have never seen before.

Kopernik AstroFest is a celebration of the universe that surrounds us, its beauty, and its mysteries.  It’s KOSC’s and the

domes2KAS’s pleasure to host amateur astronomers, people interested in astronomy and families with children of all ages.  Admission is $5.00 per day for all adults, and children under 16 are free with a parent.  Doors open at 3:00 PM on Friday afternoon, and at 8:30 AM on both Saturday and Sunday.

On clear evenings you will be able to observe Uranus, Neptune, double stars, star clusters, galaxies and other deep-sky celestial objects through Kopernik’s powerful telescopes. Also, for those adventurous early morning, pre-dawn sky watchers, we will attempt to locate the faint Comet ISON as a prelude to its winter show.  Saturn and Venus may also be visible during pre-twilight hours before dusk.  For more information on AstroFest 2013, an hourly schedule, activities, speakers and exhibits, please visit www.kopernikastro.org/astrofest.

For information regarding Kopernik Observatory & Science Center’s Fall classes, membership and other educational and outreach programs, please call KOSC at (607) 748-3685 or visit our website at www.kopernik.org.

kop_building2

Patrick Manley is the Chairman of Kopernik AstroFest 2013

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AstroFest 2013 Preview

Here’s a quick AstroFest 2013 preview with Roy Williams with the local News Channel 12.

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Barlow Bob – The Solar Spectroscopy Project

2011 - Northeast Astronomy Forum & Telescope Show (NEAF). April 16 & 17, 2011The following article has been provided by Barlow Bob, founder & organizer of the NEAF Solar Star Party and regional event host & lecturer.  Bob will be attending Kopernik AstroFest hosting the Kopernik AstroFest Solar Star Party October 4th – 5th, and will perform demonstrations of safe solar observing techniques including solar spectroscopy.  

You can read more about Barlow Bob and see some of his other articles at www.neafsolar.com/barlowbob.html.

THE   SOLAR   SPECTROSCOPY   PROJECT

By Barlow Bob

Most solar amateur astronomers observe sunspots on the surface of the Sun, through a white light solar filter. Some also observe prominences and other features above the surface of the Sun, through a Hydrogen-Alpha solar filter. If you are an amateur solar astronomer, who shares your safe solar telescope at educational outreach events, please consider including solar spectroscopy at these events.

You do not have to make an expensive investment, to purchase a solar spectroscope or spectrometer. Science First  www.sciencefirst.com  and Edmund Scientificwww.scientificsonline.com both sell several inexpensive types of low resolution spectroscopes and spectrometers under $40.00.

A spectroscope is an instrument for producing and examining spectra.

This produces spectra of visual electromagnetic radiation. A spectrometer is an instrument for dispersing electromagnetic radiation and analyzing the location of the spectrum lines. A spectrograph is an instrument for dispersing electromagnetic radiation and recording the spectrum.

These spectroscopy products are all easy to use. Laminate an 8 ½ by 11 inch sheet of white paper. Place this laminated sheet on a table next to your solar telescope. Point the spectroscope down at the sheet of paper. Sunlight reflected off of the laminated sheet enters the front of the spectroscope to the grating or prism. You observe the dark Fraunhofer lines of the solar absorption spectrum. These are thin vertical dark lines in the horizontal colors from red to violet.

Turn a cardboard carton on its side and put it on a table next to your solar telescope. Place a lighted camp lantern with florescent bulbs inside the carton. You can see the lighted lantern better in bright sunlight. Observe the emission spectra of the element mercury inside of the florescent bulb. You can use this demonstration to explain how astronomers discovered what the dark Fraunhofer lines were in the solar spectrum.

You can allow people to observe the dark absorption lines of the solar spectrum through a spectroscope. They can compare these dark absorption lines to the bright emission lines of the florescent light bulb.

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